Kasr Ibrim - Egypt
Kasr Ibrim on Lake Nasser is one of the last vestige of Lower Nubia's distant past. During the Pharaonic period, this hill was dominated by a mountain top castle. The Roman prefect, Petronius, led two expeditions into the Meroitic kingdom (c. 24-22 BC), captured several towns, forced the submission of the formidable queen, who was characterized by Roman writers as "the one-eyed Queen Candace," and left a Roman garrison at Primis (Kasr Ibrim) for a short period. In Medieval times, the hill was dominated by an orthodox cathedral transformed into a mosque in the 14th century whose ruins contain Roman arches.