Foxe Basin - Canada, Nunavut
Foxe Basin is a shallow oceanic basin north of Hudson Bay, in Nunavut, Canada, located between Baffin Island and the Melville Peninsula. For most of the year, it is blocked by ice floes. The nutrient-rich cold waters found in the basin and the numerous islands within it are important bird habitats with 10,000 pairs of Sabine’s gulls being among the most numerous. Lesser snow geese, ivory gulls, herring gulls, Canada geese and arctic terns also frequent the basin. It is also a great habitat for bearded and ringed seals, as well as walrus. Polar bears may be spotted here and beluga, bowhead and narwhal whales can be found in these waters. The basin takes its name from the English explorer Luke Foxe who entered the lower part in 1631. The terrain is rocky and rugged in the southern half of the region, and generally low-lying in the north. High cliffs are found across the southern portion of the region, where most of the seabirds nest. Coastal marshes and tidal flats up to 6.5km (4.0 miles) in width are found in the vast lowland section of eastern Foxe Basin, as well as in the bays of Southampton Island.