Axel Heiberg Island - Canada, Nunavut
Opposite to Eureka on the western coast of Ellesmere Island is Axel Heiberg Island, Canada's seventh largest island. It is a remote and extraordinarily beautiful island where there are musk ox, wolves, and Arctic hares but is best known for its unusual fossil forests, which date from the Eocene period. Axel Heiberg Island has been inhabited in the past by Inuit people, but was uninhabited by the time it was named by Otto Sverdrup, who explored it around 1900. He named it after Axel Heiberg, financial director of the Norwegian Ringnes brewery which sponsored the expedition. Other explorers visited the island during the early 20th century, during which time it was claimed by Norway until 1930. It is now part of Nunavut Territory, Canada.