Alexandra Land - Russia, West

Alexandra Land (Zemlya Aleksandry) is a large island in the Franz Josef Land Archipelago, Russian Federation. Alexandra Land is named in honour of Grand Duchess Alexandra Pavlovna of Russia (1783-1801). Alexandra Land is also home to Nagurskoye military base, Russia's northernmost military base. During World War II the Germans established an ill-fated meteorological station on the island, called Schatzgruber. Most of the members were stricken with trichinosis after eating raw polar bear meat. The survivors were removed and the project abandoned. Polar bears and Arctic fox are common and Beluga whales and narwhal live just offshore. There are good numbers of walrus and seals, and the rocky cliffs are packed with large colonies of seabirds.