Vikramashila - India

The Vikramashila University site is located at about 50km east of Bhagalpur and about 13 km north-east of Kahalgaon in Bihar State. Established by King Dharampala in the late 8th or early 9th century A.D., Vikramshila University was one of the two most important centres of Buddhist learning in India during the reign of the Pala dynasty, along with Nalanda University. Vikramashila was one of the largest Buddhist universities having more than one hundred teachers and about one thousand students. Subjects like theology, philosophy, grammar, metaphysics and logic were taught here. Nearby is the Vikramashila Gangetic Dolphin Sanctuary, established for the protection and conservation of the Ganges River Dolphins. The area also supports a rich diversity of other wildlife, many of which are threatened with extinction. These species include the Indian smooth-coated otter, several species of hard and soft shell turtles, and an astounding variety of migratory and resident migratory birds.