Bodh Gaya - India
Bodh Gaya is one of the most important and sacred Buddhist pilgrimage centre for the Buddhists. It was here, under a banyan tree, "the Bodhi Tree" that Gautama attained supreme knowledge to become "Buddha", the Enlightened One. The place-name, Bodh Gaya, did not come into use until the 18th century when it was previously known as Uruvela, Sambodhi, Vajrasana or Mahabodhi. The main monastery of Bodh Gaya used to be called the Bodhimanda-vihara (Pali). Now it is called the Mahabodhi Temple and contains the diamond throne (called the Vajrasana) and the holy Bodhi tree. This tree was originally a sapling of the Sri Maha Bodhi tree in Sri Lanka, itself grown from a sapling of the original Bodhi tree.