Fairbanks - USA, Alaska
Fairbanks is situated in the centre of the main part of Alaska to the north of Anchorage and just 90 miles south of the Arctic Circle. Built on the banks of the Chena River on the flat river plain, it started life in the gold rush and became a a bustling mining town. WW2 and the Cold War saw the establishment of military bases and the construction of the Alaska Highway. The discovery of oil and the construction of the Trans-Alaska Pipeline brought the town a diversified economy, with oil, gas, gold and coal mining, military, tourism and the University of Alaska as key components. It has a population of around 75,000 spread over a wide area as are its attractions that include the Alaskaland Pioneer Park, the University Museum and the Sternwheeler cruises on the Chena and Tanana Rivers. Outside of town you can visit the Ester Gold Camp, the Alaska Railrod Museum and Chena Hot Springs. As gateway to Alaska's rugged Interior, this is also where the real Alaska begins - the Alaska of the Northern Lights and the Midnight Sun. From here you can take all sorts of wilderness tours.