Admiralty Island - USA, Alaska
Admiralty Island is an island in the Alexander Archipelago in Southeast Alaska, which is 145 km (90 miles) long and 56 km (35 miles) wide. Known to the Tlingit as Kootznoowoo, or Fortress of the Bear, Admiralty Island is home to the highest number of brown bears in North America. An estimated 1,600 brown bears inhabit the island, outnumbering Admiralty's human residents nearly three to one. Angoon, a traditional Tlingit community home to 572 people, is the only settlement on the island. Most of Admiralty Island is an occupied by the Admiralty Island National Monument - a federally protected Wilderness Area. The Kootznoowoo Wilderness is unique in Southeast Alaska because it encompasses vast stands of old growth temperate rainforest. These forests provide some of the best habitat available to species such as brown bears, bald eagles, and Sitka black-tailed deer. The Greens Creek Mine is an underground silver, gold, zinc and lead mine located on the northwest end of the island, within the national monument. The Pack Creek Brown Bear Viewing Area offers visitors the opportunity to observe brown bears in their natural habitat as they fish for salmon and interact with one another during the summer months. Point Retreat Light, located on the northern tip of Admiralty, was an important aid to navigation.