Whitehaven - UK, England
Whitehaven is a port in Cumbria, north-western England on the Irish Sea, west of the Lake District National Park. The streets of the town are laid out in a distinctive grid pattern which dates from the 18th century. This was instigated by Whitehaven's founders, the Lowther family, who were inspired by Sir Christopher Wren and his design for the rebuilding of London after the Great Fire of 1666. Many of the buildings of the period have been preserved, including the church of St James, built in 1752 to 1753. Whitehaven was founded in the 17th century to ship coal from local mines, some of them extending 6.5 km (4 miles) under the sea. It developed rapidly, becoming Great Britain's second port after London for a short while. However, Whitehaven began to decline when the increasingly large ships proved too big for the harbour in the early 19th century. From Whitehaven you can visit the Lake District National Park, an area of glaciated mountains-including Scafell Pike, the highest mountain in England at 978 m (3,209 ft). The mountains are dissected by U-shaped valleys, known as dales, containing the lakes such as Windermere, Grasmere, ThirlmereUllswater, Wastwater and Coniston Water.