Bydgoszcz - Poland

Bydgoszcz (Bromberg) lies on the Vistula River, northwest of Warsaw. The city was a frontier stronghold and at the centre of battles for the control of Pomerania in the middle ages before becoming part of Poland in 1466. The city's most beautiful buildings, dating from this time, include the Gothic St Nicholas and St Martin's Church, the Poor Clares' Order Church and Nunnery and St Jerry's Church (now the Garrison Church). Devastated during the 17th century Swedish wars and under Prussian rule from 1772, Bydgoszcz regained importance in the 18th century with the building of the Bydgoszcz Canal linking the Vistula and Oder rivers and making it a major inland port. The city was returned to poland after WW1.