Verona - Italy
Verona lies at the foot of the Lessini Mountains, 65 miles (105 km) west of Venice, and is half-encircled by the Adige River. The Amphitheatre dates from the 1st century AD, and is the third largest surviving Roman amphitheatre. Now it used for opera and can seat 20,000 spectators. One of the most important Italian dynasties of the medieval period, the Scaligera, held residence at Castel Vecchio, an imposing 14th century fort, now a museum. The Basilica of San Zeno Maggiore (originally 5th century, rebuilt 1117-1227), has a brick and marble facade, a marble porch, and a triptych by the 14th-century painter Andrea Montegna. Verona is known for the setting of Romeo and Juliet, and it is still possible to see Juliet's balcony. The city was founded by an ancient tribe (possibly the Euganei or Raeti) and was later occupied by the Gallic Cenomani. It became a Roman colony in 89 BC and was an independent commune from the early 12th century. Verona fell to Gian Galeazzo Visconti in 1387 and in 1405 to Venice, which held it until 1797, when it was ceded to Austria by Napoleon I at the Treaty of Campo Formio. The last congress of the Quadruple Alliance (Russia, Prussia, Austria, Britain) was held at Verona in 1822. In 1866 the city was united to the Kingdom of Italy. It suffered heavy damage in World War II but has since been restored. There are more than 30 cruises calling at this port. Click the month or cruise line logo you are interested in to see details of the cruises.