Jerusalem - Israel
Jerusalem is Israel's largest and most ancient city situated on a cluster of hilltops and valleys between the Mediterranean Sea and the Dead Sea. The main religious and historical sites are in the Old City, which is contained inside a wall constructed in 1538 during the reign of the Ottoman ruler Suleiman I, the Magnificent. Enter by one of the famous ancient gateways like the Damascus or Jaffa Gates. The area inside the Old City wall is roughly divided into four: the Muslim, Jewish, Christian, and Armenian quarters. The Old City is sacred to Jews as the capital of the first Jewish kingdom, to Christians as the site of Christ's crucifixion and to Muslims as the site of the ascent into Heaven of the Prophet Muhammad. The notable buildings include the Christian Church of the Holy Sepulchre, built over the 4th-century basilica, which in turn was erected over the traditional tomb of Christ; the Jewish Western Wall, also called the Wailing Wall, the remnant of the great Temple built by Herod the Great, King of Judaea; the Muslim mosque of Dome of the Rock, built upon the site where Muhammad is said to have ascended to Heaven; the Mosque of Al Aqsa, one of Islam's most sacred shrines; and the Citadel, a 14th-century structure on the site of Herod's fortress. In New Jerusalem, see the Knesset (Israel's Parliament), Yad Va'Sahem, memorial to the Holocaust victims and the Shrine of the Book. The history of Jerusalem and its rise from Stone Age settlement to Holy City of the Jews is well recorded in the Old Testament. After the Roman occupation the city came under Christian and then Muslim influences. In 1917 it came under British control as part of Palestine until the creation of Israel in 1948. From then until 1967, Jerusalem was a divided city. Israel controlled West, or New, Jerusalem, and Jordan controlled East Jerusalem, including the Old City. In 1967 Israel captured East Jerusalem in the Six-Day War. Since then, all of Jerusalem has been under Israel's troubled control. The following 8 cruises call at Jerusalem. Discover more by clicking the cruise name or ship or click the Enquire button if you want to check availability and pricing.