Trier - Germany
Trier is located on a large flat plain where the Saar and Ruwer rivers flow into the Moselle River, an ideal spot for a Roman settlement. Surrounded by the foothills of the Eifel, Hunsrück, and Mosel mountains, it is just east of the Grand Duchy of Luxembourg frontier. Once the Roman capital of the region, it was founded around 15BC and many fascinating monuments remain around the town including the amphitheatre, baths, basilica and the famous fortified gate of Porta Nigra. There are a limited number of riverboat berths in Trier itself and some ships tie up at Issel, 5 miles upstream. The 2nd century Porta Nigra gate was once part of the 6km rRoman wall and the entrance to the city. Manufactured from blackened sandstone and held by iron clamps it features two defensive towers and a central courtyard. In the 11th century it was changed into a church. A wide pedestrianised street leads you to the Romanesque Cathedral which incorporates Gothic and Baroque elements. Further on is the Constantin Basilica, damaged during WW2 but reconstructed. Other notable churches include the Church of Our Lady (1235-70); the Church of St. Gangolf (13th to 15th century); the Abbey Church of St. Matthias (1127-60), with the tomb of the saint; and the Baroque Church of St. Paulin (1734-57), designed by Balthasar Neumann. Civic monuments include the Market Cross from 958 and the Petersbrunnen (Peter's Fountain; 1595), both in the market square. Nearby are the Kesselstatt Palace (1740-45) and the Electoral Palace (1614). Trier was founded by the Romans in 15BC and shares the title of Germany's oldest town with Worms. In the 3rd century it became the capital of the Western Roman Empire. In the 13th century it was acquired by the archbishops, and the following centuries went between periods of prosperity and poverty. Trier was briefly French then Prussian in 1815. There are more than 30 cruises calling at this port. Click the month or cruise line logo you are interested in to see details of the cruises.