Groote Eylandt - NT - Australia
Groote Eylandt is the largest island in the Gulf of Carpentaria in the Northern Territory of Australia. It is a low lying island owned by the Anindilyakwa people with vegetation typical of tropical savannah woodland - a mixture of mangroves, paperbark, stringy-bark and pandanus. The main town on the island is Alyangula which acts as a port for shipping ore from the large manganese mine on the western coastal plain of the island. There is a small Aboriginal community of Umbakumba on the east coast. For thousands of years the island has been inhabited by Aborigines who had made their way across the Lowrie and Warwick Channels from Arnhem Land and sparsely settled the island living a simple hunter-gatherer existence. Early art works from this region strongly feature the Macassan links which were particularly strong. Groote has a good array of rock art which forms the link to the bark and contemporary art of today.